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How and why American parties differ from European parties

American Parties in Context: Comparative and Historical Analysis (New York: Routledge, 2016; with Robert Harmel and Matthew Gieber.)
Considers the 1950 APSA report on "Responsible Parties" in the light of new evidence from the United States and across the world.


Political Parties and Their Environment: Limits to Reform? New York: Longman, 1982; with Robert Harmel).
Studies whether the United States can develop and support more "Responsible Parties," as urged in the 1950 APSA Report. This link goes to a complete copy of the book.
Articles and Book Chapters


"Political Parties," in Russian (TECHNOLOGY AND ORGANIZATION, SELECTED COMPANIES' FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC EXPERIENCE) (Moscow, 1993), pp. 33-38. Russsian translation of Chapter 8, "Political Parties," in Janda, Berry, Goldman, The Challenge of Democracy, 2nd Ed. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1989).



"The American Constitutional Framework and the Structure of American Political Parties," in Peter F. Nardulli (ed.), The Constitution nd American Political Development: An Institutinal Perspective, (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1992), pp. 179-206.
Focuses on federalism and the separation of powers, which are so frequently cited in the early and contemporary literature.


"A Comparative Analysis of Party Organizations--U.S., Europe, and the World," in William J. Crotty (ed.), The Party Symbol. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1980. Pp. 339-358
Finds that American parties are less centralized than European partues, but not less organized.
"Primrose Paths to Political Reform: Reforming v. Strengthening American Parties," in William J. Crotty (ed.), Paths to Political Reform. Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington Books, 1980. Pp. 309-347.
Examines four theoretical problems in party reform.
Papers and Addresses


"Presidential Elections in Russia and the United States: Is Majority Popular Vote Desirable?"
Paper delivered at the Conference on Political Analysis, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Moscow, December 10-14, 1991.


"The American Constitutional Framework and the Structure of American Political Parties,"
paper delivered at the Conference on The Constitution and the American Political Process, University of Illinois, December 6-8, 1988. (see publication)


" A Survey of American Political Parties in World Perspective,"
paper presented for discussion at The Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions in Chicago, Summer, 1977.
Book Reviews


John C. Green and Rick Farmer (eds.),
The State of the Parties: The Changing Role of Contemporary American Parties, 4th ed. (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003), in Party Politics, 12 (May, 2006), pp. 441-443.


Herbert E. Alexander (ed.)
"Campaign Money: Reform and Reality in the States," Daily Northwestern (December 1, 1996)