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Social Bases

How Democrats and Republicans adapted to demographic changes since 1952



A Tale of Two Parties: Living Amongst Democrats and Reublicans Since 1952 (New York: Routledge, 2021)
Many figuress detail the social bases of the Democratic and Republican parties, using all 18 American National Election Studies on presidential elections from 1952 to 2020. Party identifiers are classified by region, economic status, education, urban-rural, religion, ethnicity, and ideology. Data are presented two ways: by percentages of each groupidentifying each party, and by the percentages of each party that comes from each group.


The Social Bases of Political Parties: Democrats and Republicans, 1952-2012 and 2032. (Roseville, MN: Kenneth Janda 2013)
This is an interactive Apple iBook, like an ebook but runs only on Macintosh computers and iPads (The link goes to a full-text PDF of the Apple iBook.). (Al
Papers and Addresses


"The Social Bases of U.S. Political Parties: 1952-2012, Social Support and Political Interests,"
Paper presented at the 2013 Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, Illinois
Book Reviews


Warren E. Miller and M. Kent Jennings.
Parties in Transition: A Longitudinal Study of Party Elites and Party Supporters.
(New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1986). In Congress and the Presidency, 15 (Spring, 1988), 107-110.


Jerome M. Clubb, William H. Flanigan, and Nancy H. Zingale.
Partisan Realignment: Voters, Parties and Government in American History.
(Beverly Hills, California: Sage Library of Social Research, Vol. 108, 1980). In The American Political Science Review, 76 (March, 1982).