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Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow, "The importance of party ideology: Explaining parliamentarian support for political party gender quotas in Eastern Europe," Party Politics, 17 (September, 2011), 561-579. [Available at http://ppq.sagepub.com/content/vol17/issue5/ ]

First paragraph:
Throughout Eastern Europe, a growing number of political parties are adopting gender quotas designed to increase the proportion of women in national legislatures (Antic, 2003; Dahlerup, 2006a). Party gender quotas are rules voluntarily adopted within political party structures that aim at securing a set percentage of women appearing on candidate lists in elections for political office. While rapidly accumulating research strongly suggests that quotas have great potential in reducing gender political inequality, the relationship between quotas and this outcome is complex, depending on the form of electoral rules, the type of quota adopted and the level of enforcement of the quota (Caul Kittilson, 2006; Matland, 2006; Matland and Montgomery, 2003b).

Figures and Tables:
Table 1. Opinion 'party gender quotas are good' by gender, party ideology and candidate list position
Table 2. Logistic regression of pro-party gender quota attitude on gender, party ideology and candidate list position
Figure 1. Predicted probability of party gender quota support by candidate list position.
Appendix A. Comparison between WebSurvey and POLCAN
Appendix B. Party ideology scores in Poland: Economic and religious dimensions

Last Paragraph:
Change in the ideological composition of the political structure is key to the future of party gender quotas in Eastern Europe. Results in this article suggest that if more women were added to parliament, the likelihood of party gender quota adoption would not necessarily increase. Those wishing to convince parliamentarians in contemporary Eastern Europe to adopt party gender quotas should recognize the importance of party ideology.

Last updated August 2011